Slot Machines – Where We Were, Where We Are, and Where We’re Going

Where We Were

Charles Fey invented the slot machine in the 1890′s. He probably never envisioned that his creation called the “Liberty Bell” would evolve into the most popular form of casino gambling today.

The slot evolution however had a lot of growing pains as many in the United States viewed gambling as a social ill. By 1910 all legal gambling activity was shut down,which left horse racing as the only legal entity in America.

During the 1920′s prohibition era, the public’s thirst for gambling matched that of booze. Slot machines along with alcohol were found in “Speak Easy’s” throughout America, many of them controlled by Organized Crime. After prohibition ended underground casinos remained active.

States began to crack down on illegal casinos and began to seize and destroy gambling equipment, including slot machines. Mayor LaGuardia of New York City called them “mechanical pick pockets”, destroyed them with a sledge hammer, and dumped them into Long Island Sound. (You can watch the action on YouTube.)

In 1931 Nevada legalized gambling. Slot machines populated the floor in the states’ casinos but were there only to amuse the wives and mistresses playing their pennies and nickles while the men did all the heavy gambling at the tables. (A portrayal of this is depicted in the 1952 movie, “The Las Vegas Story” with Vincent Price, Victor Mature, and Jane Russel.) Slots remained a “ladies” game until Atlantic City legalized gambling in 1978.

Bally Manufacturing invented a unit powered by electricity and slots began to “light up” and produce various sound effects. When multi-coin acceptors were introduced, new dollar machines meant larger jackpots for customers. When the Random Number Generator was invented top prize amounts could be increased on four and five reel versions. A spin button became an alternative to the handle.

The Indian Gaming Act was approved in the 1980′s which allowed casinos on reservation land and newly legislated dockside riverboat gambling attracted new slot players while racetracks added the one arm bandits..

IGT launched Megabucks in 1986 and slots were now linked across Nevada by phone lines offering a giant lottery size jackpot that grew with each coin wagered. The Progressive Jackpot was born and players could now become millionaires. Players began abandoning the table games, flocked to the machines and casinos took notice.

Where We Are

The proliferation of slots paved the way for new inventions. A video slot with 25 lines, up to a bet of 10 credits per line allowed for a ticket in, ticket out, (TITO) system. The coins and the handles followed the dinosaurs.. Operators could now lower the denominations to as little as a penny and still turn a profit.

In the new century slot makers were quick to promote the themed slot, units based on popular movies, TV shows and entertainers. Players could now spin the Wheel of Fortune, giggle at Curley, Larry, and Moe, take a ride with Captain Kirk, or croon over Ol’ Blue eyes. All the games have video clips from favorite shows.

The themed slots have evolved to 5 video reels with up to 40 lines. Chairs have comfortable high backs, and some even vibrate when certain bonus features are hit. Touch screens have the latest LCD technology, 3D graphics and Bose sound systems as they continue to evolve. Depending on the game theme, players can wager as little as one penny(credit) per line up to $2, $3, and $4 maximums. Bonus features offer generous payouts while progressive jackpots climb to six and seven figures.

Newer games saw the introduction of CSI, Sex and the City, Iron man, Michael Jackson, David Copperfield, The Walking Dead, Back to the Future, Jurassic Park, Wonder Woman, Ellen, Let’s Make a Deal, the Godfather, Monopoly, and The list goes on and on.

Where We’re Going

The themed slot will no doubt continue to grow. However there’s a huge segment of casino patrons looking for something different. They are the Millennials.Born in the early 1980′s to the late 1990′s who grew up playing video games. Casinos took notice that this generation didn’t care to sit in front of a machine that did all the work for them in order to win. They want to be involved to make it happen. This led to the introduction of Games of Skill at the 2016 Global Gaming Expo in Las Vegas.

Two companies, GameCo and Gamblit Gaming introduced their wares at the expo and by all accounts, things look very promising. Other companies, Konami and Scientific Games are creating their own versions to attract the Gen Y’s. Other companies will soon follow.

Some of the games are based on poker where a limited number of players use their skill to grab the cards they need. In another game players have to collect rare treasures in Pharaoh’s Secret Temple before time is up.

The Best Aerial Photography Can Change the Definition of Photography

Aerial photography is just like as its name is suggested. In this technique of taking pictures, the shoot is done by moving the drone around the place in the sky all the pictures are taken from the sky. By shooting from such a height can change your photography experience.

Many professional aerial photographers have shown their creativity by clicking such a masterpiece. They have changed the views of peoples by their best aerial photography and set the new height to reach for the other photographers. Aerial photography is becoming famous and many businesses are demanding aerial photographers for clicking pictures which can be fruitful for their website or business.

Many couples are hiring the best aerial photography agencies for shooting their wedding with the technology so that they can have existing and memorable wedding shoot. This photography is beneficial in discovering, mapping and many other things.

Modern Applications of Aerial Photography

There are many modern applications of aerial photography, and they are the most important ones:

1. Archaeology

Photos from high above the ground helps archaeologists to find the lost monuments and hidden sites, track the site’s features that are not visible from ground level, find treasure buried under the earth, sand or water, to perform certain site features, which are visible only under certain conditions, the card site specific neighborhoods and often record remote, hidden, dangerous or impossible to reach areas in the world.

2. Urban Studies and Real Estate

This photography is a permanent partner of landscape studies, sociology, urban planning, geography and cartography property, they play aerial games have power over their competitors because they can simply and clearly demonstrate the value and beauty of a building or construction site with photos say for themselves.

3. Climate Change

Researchers used to study the effect of menopausal changes for certain ecosystems, dry lakes, the expansion of water as well as reducing the size of the rain forest and so on. Aerial photography helps researchers to conduct the environmental forensic examination, to monitor all the changes that we are experiencing, from documenting invasive species, thinning others, soil, water, and landscape changes. Shifting climate and strong environmental changes that affect everyone on this planet is now thoroughly documented with the help of photographs.

4. Tourism

This is easily explained by the fact that the photography allows people to see the wider area and larger context of meaning. While we all love the panoramic image of an exotic island blessing surreal sunset, we may be breathless at the sight of a blue lagoon in the endless green pastures, or the famous tourist landmark, taken at a right angle.

5. Art

Search gorgeous locations and capture it with a good angle at the right time of the day can turn into a work of art that does not have to match the advertising, commercial or scientific purposes. Artistic photographers knew experimenting and trying creative ways to perpetuate the beauty of our world, and aerial photography is one of the most interesting ways to achieve this goal.

Find the Right Expert to Repair Your Pipes

Verify who is available in your area offering such services. Many of them are able to handle the challenges of both large and small jobs. They have the expertise and equipment to handle various needs as well as various types of pipe materials. They also have the knowledge to properly assess what is taking place to give you options for the best long-term outcome.

Reputation Matters

Since pipe repair services are often in need, you won’t struggle to find information others have shared. Those reviews from other customers can get you pointed in the right direction. They will share who they hired, what they were happy with, any concerns, cost, and other details. You can get indicators about who you can trust and who you need to avoid hiring for the job.

Once you have some ideas, make some calls and check out their website details. This will share with you where they are located, what they offer, and the types of services they are able to consider for various jobs. Make an appointment for them to come to your location and survey your needs. They can talk to you, look at the pipes, and give you an idea of the process.

Ask Questions

You may not know much at all about pipe repair, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t ask questions. Ask them to explain what various techniques entail and why they recommend them. Ask them about warranty information on the labor as well as on the parts they put into place. Some of the options such as CIPP can last for decades as well as increase overall flow.

The provider of pipe repair should be willing to answer your questions in terms that you can understand. If you feel they are pressuring you to hire them or they talk in business lingo, bypass them for another provider. You need someone you can communicate well with and you trust to be in your corner. You don’t want to have regrets when the work is done and it is time to pay.

Timeframe

During the consultation, the pipe repair provider should be able to provide you with an estimate timeframe for the work. This includes when they can fit you into their schedule, the time for the work to be done, and any other concerns. Depending on the project, they may need to order materials so that plays a role in when they can get started.

Cost

The final cost of the work should be broken down for you before you hire them. Obtain the estimate in writing so you know what you can expect. You don’t need any surprises that stress you out financially! The estimate should have a cost for the labor, a cost for materials, and then a total price. If you agree to it and what you believe the provider offers, hire them for pipe repair.

Don’t ignore the problem as it isn’t going to get better on its own. Instead, it is just a matter of time before you have as serious issue on your hands. It will cost far more if you wait than if you get it all in motion to have repairs done early on.

WhatsApp, iMessage, and Snapchat Attacked Because of Their Encryption

You can not realistically ban encryption. Encryption is used to protect communication through electronic devices; it protects your bank information and online accounts. This is cryptography, it is used in hundreds of systems. We have politicians speaking about banning these technologies. How can this be? British Prime minister David Cameron has raised a red flag on encrypted messaging apps like WhatsApp, iMessage, and Snapchat. He has called for the banning of these apps; implying that they are being used by criminal organizations and terrorists to communicate.

“In our country, do we want to allow a means of communication between people which we cannot read?”, rhetorically said by the Prime Minister

With this sort of logic I am going to go as far as to say; we should leave our houses and cars unlocked; and valuables left unguarded in public spaces because surely it would be much simpler to catch thieves and put them in prison.

Security is not just for what the social norm calls the “good guys”. It is a two way street. I would rather have peace of mind that my data is being protected so well; to the point that Government officials can not tap into it. Think about the various ways this could go wrong. Imagine corrupt politicians with access to data or just consider that lightening up on security measures, will make it easier for the average hacker to gain access.

Computer scientists have spoken out on the futility of weakening encryption; so only Government officials have access.This same weaknesses can be exploited by malicious hackers. This view is held by many computer experts actively in the field.

A few months back a ban was called on WhatsApp in the UK; it has recently been dropped because of mass criticism. But this can of worms has not been closed just yet. This has just pushed the issue to other parts of the world; where they can theoretically gain some traction and spread. India has a ban on certain types of encryption. WhatsApp uses end to end encryption; which is illegal in India. WhatsApp uses a 256bit encryption which is only known by the sender and the receiver. India only allows 40bit encryption if you want to have permission you need to apply through the Government. The Indian Government has asked for the keys to be able to gain access; but WhatsApp creators have said they do not have them. So all user using the latest version of WhatsApp in India are technically breaking the law. No actions have been decided on what to do with the company; they are not based in India making things complicated. Recently Brazilian authorities have been reported to have been reported to be collecting WhatsApp data with the hopes of fighting drug tracking. WhatsApp has been cooperating with law enforcement; but have gone on to say that they cannot provide the full extent of what they want. We are just uncovering what’s on the surface; do some research on what your local Government and even internet service providers are doing; and what data they are doing with this data.